Video Abstract:
Horizontal cooling towers: riverine ecosystem services and the fate of thermoelectric heat in the contemporary Northeast US

Foster's Daily Democrat:
Study finds rivers act as "horizontal cooling towers"


EOS Spheres:
Composing an Aquatic Symphony

NH EPSCoR YouTube Channel:
EPSCoR Lamprey River Water Study

Nashua Telegraph:
Nutrient runoff turns useful salt marshes into useless mudflats, finds long-term study



In Preparation, Review, or In Press

Contosta, A., et al. (In Press), A longer vernal window: the role of winter coldness and snowpack in lengthening spring and implications for ecosystem function, Glob. Change Biol.

Mulukutla, G.K, W.M. Wollheim, R. Carey, J.E. Salisbury, T.K. Gregory and W. McDowell. High frequency concurrent measurements in watershed and impaired estuary reveal coupled DOC and decoupled Nitrate dynamics. Geophysical Research Letters (In Review).

Samal, N., W.M. Wollheim, S. Zuidema, R. Stewart, Z. Zhou, M. Mineau, T. Huang, S. Glidden, C. Wake, M. Borsuk, D. Lutz, G. Mavormatti, K. Gardner. (In Review). Projections of coupled terrestrial and aquatic ecosystem change relevant to ecosystem service valuation at regional scales. Ecology and Society.

Sheehan, K.R., W.M. Wollheim, J. Ruegg, M. Trentman, K.J. Farrell, J. Kominoski, W.K. Dodds, A. Rosemond. (In Preparation). Quantifying Aquatic Metabolism of Entire River Networks. Limnology and Oceanography.

Wlostkowski, A., M.N. Gooseff, W.B. Bowden, W.M. Wollheim. (In Press). Stream tracer breakthrough curve decomposition into mass fractions: A simple framework to analyze and compare conservative solute transport processes. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods

Zuidema, S. W.M. Wollheim, M.M. Mineau, M.B. Green, R.J. Stewart. (In Review). Chloride impairment in a New England river network: regional assessment using a dynamic watershed transport model. Water Resources Research


Mineau, M.M., W.M. Wollheim, I.D. Buffam, S.E.G. Findlay, R.O. Hall, E. Hotchkiss, L.E. Koenig, W.H. McDowell, T.B. Parr. 2016. Dissolved organic carbon uptake in streams. JGR-Biogeoscience.

Treat, C., W.M. Wollheim, R.K. Varner, W.B. Bowden. 2016. Increased nitrate availability for leaching during fall in tundra soils. Environmental Research Letters.

Wollheim, W.M. 2016. From Headwaters to rivers to river networks: scaling in stream ecology. In Streams In a Changing Environment. J. Jones and E. Stanley. Eds. Elsevier. 547pp


Grogan, D.S., Zhang, F., Prusevich, A., Lammers, R.B., Wisser, D., Glidden, S., Li, C., Frolking S. 2015. Quantifying the link between crop production and mined groundwater irrigation in China. Science of the Total Environment, 511:161-75. Doi:10.1016/j.scitotenf2014.11.076.

Kaushal, S.S., W.H. McDowell, W.M. Wollheim, T.A. Newcomer Johnson, P.M. Mayer, K. T. Belt, M.J. Pennino. 2015. Urban evolution: the role of water. Water. 7, 4063-4087; doi:10.3390/w7084063

Mineau. M.M., W.M. Wollheim, and R.J. Stewart. 2015. An index to characterize the spatial distribution of land use within watersheds and implications for river network nutrient removal and export, Geophysical Research Letters. 42, doi:10.1002/2015GL064965

Ruegg, J., W.K. Dodds, M.D. Daniels, K.R. Sheehan, C.L. Baker, W.B. Bowden, K.J. Farrell, M.B. Flinn, T.K. Harms, J.B. Jones, L.E. Koenig, J.S. Kominoski, W.H. McDowell, S.P. Parker, A.D. Rosemond, M.T. Trentman, M. Whiles, W.M. Wollheim. 2015. Baseflow physical characteristics differ at multiple spatial scales in stream networks across diverse biomes. Landscape Ecology. DOI 10.1007/s10980-015-0289-y.

Wollheim, W.M., R.J. Stewart, G.R. Aiken, K.D. Butler, N.B. Morse, and J. Salisbury. 2015. Removal of terrestrial dissolved organic carbon in aquatic ecosystems of a temperate river network. Geophysical Research Letters. 42, doi:10.1002/2015GL064647


Carey R.O., W.M. Wollheim, and G.K. Mulukutla (2014). Characterizing Storm-Event Nitrate Fluxes in a Fifth Order Suburbanizing Watershed Using In Situ Sensors. Environmental Science and Technology, 10.1021/es500252.

Hale I.L., W.M. Wollheim, R.G. Smith, H. Asbjornsen, A.F. Brito, K. Broders, A.S. Grandy, R.J. Rowe (2014). A Scale-Explicit Framework for Conceptualizing the Environmental Impacts of Agricultural Land Use Changes. Sustainability, 6(12): 8432-8451.

Kaushal, S.S., W.H. McDowell, and W.M. Wollheim (2014). Tracking evolution of urban biogeochemical cycles: Past, present, and future. Biogeochemistry, 121: 1-21, doi:10.1007/s10533-014-0014-y.

LINX collaborators: W.K. Dodds, J.R. Webster, C.L. Crenshaw, A.M. Helton, J.M. O'Brien, E. Martí, A.E. Hershey, J.L. Tank, A.J. Burgin, N.B. Grimm, S.K. Hamilton, D.J. Sobota, G.C. Poole, J.J. Beaulieu, L.T. Johnson, L.R. Ashkenas, R.O. Hall, Jr., S.L. Johnson, W.M. Wollheim, W.B. Bowden (2014). The Lotic Intersite Nitrogen Experiments: an example of successful ecological research collaboration. Freshwater Science, doi:10.1086/676938.

Morse, N.B. and W.M. Wollheim (2014). Climate variability masks the impacts of land use change on nutrient export in a suburbanizing watershed. Biogeochemistry, 121: 45-59, doi:10.1007/s10533-014-9998-6.

Treat, C. W.M. Wollheim, R. Varner, A.S. Grandy, S. Frolking. (2014). Temperature and substrate quality control decomposition in Alaskan permafrost peatlands. Global Change Biology, doi:10.1111/gcb.12572.

Wollheim, W.M., T.K. Harms, B.J. Peterson, K. Morkeski, C.S. Hopkinson, R.J. Stewart, M.N. Gooseff, M.A. Briggs (2014). Nitrate uptake dynamics of surface transient storage in channels and fluvial wetlands. Biogeochemistry, 120: 239-257.


Hale, R.L., J.H. Hoover, W.M. Wollheim, and C.J. Vorosmarty (2013). History of nutrient inputs to the Northeastern United States, 1930-2000. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 27(2): 578-591.

Hanley, K.W., W.M. Wollheim, J. Salisbury, T. Huntington, and G. Aiken (2013). Controls on dissolved organic carbon quantity and quality in large North American Rivers. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 27: 1-13; doi:10.1012/gbc.20044.

Hope, A.J., W.H. McDowell, and W.M. Wollheim (2013). Ecosystem metabolism and nutrient uptake in an urban, piped headwater stream. Biogeochemistry, In Review; doi:10.1007/s10533-013-9900-y.

Miara, A., C.J. Vorosmarty, R.J. Stewart, W.M. Wollheim, and B. Rosenzweig (2013). Riverine ecosystem services and the thermoelectric sector: Strategic issues facing the Northeastern United States. Environmental Research Letters, 8: 025017; doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/2/025017.

Stewart, R.J., W.M. Wollheim, A. Miara, C.J. Vorosmarty, B. Fekete, R. Lammers, and B. Rosenzweig (2013). Horizontal cooling towers: Riverine ecosystem services and the fate of thermoelectric heat in the contemporary Northeast. Environmental Research Letters, 8: 025010; doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/2/025010.

Vorosmarty, C.J., L. Bravo de Guenni, W.M. Wollheim, B. Pellerin, D. Bjerklie, M. Cardoso, C. DAlmeida, P. Green, and L. Colon (2013). Extreme rainfall, vulnerability and risk: A continental-scale assessment for South America. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 371: 20120408; doi:10.1098/rsta.2012.0408.

Wollheim, W.M, M.B. Green, C.S. Hopkinson, B.A. Pellerin, and N. Morse (2013). Impacts of ecosystem service regionalization on a suburban New England watershed. Estuaries and Coasts, doi:10.1007/s12237-013-9646-8.


Bain, D.J., R.L. Hale, and W.M. Wollheim (2012). Hotbed of Biogeochemical Diversity - Understanding Urban Ecosystem Dynamics. Elements, 8: 435-438; doi:410.2113/gselements.2118.2116.2435.

Bain, D., M.B. Green, J. Campbell, J. Chamblee, J. Fraterrigo, S.S. Kaushal, S. Martin, T. Jordan, A. Parolari, W. V. Sobczak, D.E. Weller, W.M. Wollheim, E. Boose, J. Duncan, G. Gettel, B. Hall, P. Kumar, J. Thompson, J. Vose, E. Elliott, and D. Leigh (2012). Legacies in material flux: structural catchment changes pre-date long-term studies. BioScience, 62: 575-584.

Deegan, L.A., D.S. Johnson, R.S. Warren, B.J. Peterson, J.W. Fleeger, S. Fagherazzi, and W.M. Wollheim (2012). Trouble on the Edge: Coastal eutrophication drives salt marsh loss. Nature, 490: 352-353.

Morse, N.B., W.M. Wollheim, J.P. Benstead, and W.H. McDowell (2012). Impacts of suburbanization on food web stoichiometry in detritus-based streams of New England. Freshwater Science, 31: 1202-1213.


Beaulieu, J., J. Tank, S. Hamilton, W. Wollheim, R. Hall, P. Mulholland, B.J. Peterson, L. Ashkenas, L. Cooper, C. Dahm, W. Dodds, N. Grimm, S. Johnson, W. McDowell, G. Poole, H. Valett, C. Arango, M. Bernot, A. Burgin, C. Crenshaw, A. Helton, L. Johnson, J. O'Brien, J. Potter, R. Sheibley, D. Sobota, and S. Thomas (2011). Nitrous oxide emission from denitrification in stream and river networks. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 108: 214-219; doi:210.1073/pnas.1011464108.

Gooseff, M., D.A. Benson, M.A. Briggs, M. Weaver, W.M. Wollheim, B.J. Peterson, and C. S. Hopkinson (2011). Residence Time Distributions in Surface Transient Storage Zones in Streams: Estimation Via Signal Deconvolution. Water Resour. Res., 47: W08512; doi:10.1029/2010WR010028.

Helton, A.M., G.C. Poole, J.L. Meyer, W.M. Wollheim, B.J. Peterson, P.J. Mulholland, E.S. Bernhardt, J.A. Stanford, C. Arango, L.R. Ashkenas, L.W. Cooper, W.K. Dodds, S.V. Gregory, R.O. Hall, S.K. Hamilton, S.L. Johnson, W.H. McDowell, J.D. Potter, J.L. Tank, S.M. Thomas, H.M. Valett, J.R. Webster, and L. Zeglin (2011). Thinking outside the channel: Modeling nitrogen cycling in networked river ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 9: 229-238; doi:10.1890/080211.

Pellerin, B.A., J. Saraceno, J.B. Shanley, S. Sebestyn, G.R. Aiken, W.M. Wollheim, and B.A. Bergamaschi (2011). Taking the pulse of snowmelt: In situ sensors reveal seasonal, event and diurnal patterns of nitrate and dissolved organic matter variability in an upland forest stream. Biogeochemistry. doi:10.1007/s10533-011-9589-8.

Stewart, R.J., W.M. Wollheim, M. Gooseff, M.A. Briggs, J.M. Jacobs, B.J. Peterson, and C.S. Hopkinson (2011). Separation of River Network Scale Nitrogen Removal Among Main Channel and Two Transient Storage Compartments. Water Resour. Res., 47: W00J10; doi:10.1029/2010WR009896.


Briggs, M.A., M. Gooseff, B.J. Peterson, K. Morkesk, W.M. Wollheim, and C.S. Hopkinson (2010). Surface and hyporheic transient storage dynamics throughout a coastal stream network. Water Resour. Res., 46: W06516, doi:06510.01029/02009WR008222.

Fekete, B.M., D. Wisser, C. Kroeze, E. Mayorga, L. Bouwman, W.M. Wollheim, and C. Vorosmarty (2010). Millennium Ecosystem Assessment scenario drivers (1970-2050): Climate and hydrological alterations. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24: GB0A12, doi:10.1029/2009GB003593.

Fekete, B.M., R.B. Lammers, A.M. MacDonald, L.C. Bowling, and R. Lawford (2010). River Discharge [in “State of the Climate in 2009”]. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 91(6): S35.

Rawlins, M.A., H. Yi, D. Yang, A. Shiklomanov, and K.C. McDonald (2010). Divergence in seasonal hydrology across northern Eurasia: Emerging trends in water cycle linkages. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, D18119, doi:10.1029/2009JD011747.

Vörösmarty, C.J., P.B. McIntyre, M.O. Gessner, D. Dudgeon, A. Prusevich, P. Green, S. Glidden, S.E. Bunn, C.A. Sullivan, C. Reidy Liermann, and P.M. Davies, 2010. Global threats to human water security and river biodiversity. Nature, 467: 555-561.


Alexander, R.B., J.F. Bohlke, E.W. Boyer, M. David, J.W. Harvey, P.J. Mulholland, S.P. Seitzinger, C.R. Tobias, C. Tonitto, and W.M. Wollheim (2009). Annually and seasonally varying effects of denitrification on riverine nitrogen transport. Biogeochemistry, 93 (1-2): 91.

Green, M., W. M. Wollheim, N. Basu, G. Gettel, P. Rao, N. Morse, and R. Stewart (2009). Effective denitrification scales predictably with water residence time across diverse systems. Nature Precedings, hdl:10101/npre.2009.3520.1.

Harrison, J., R. Maranger, R.B. Alexander, J. Cornwell, A. Giblin, P. Jacinthe, E. Mayorga, S. Seitzinger, and W.M. Wollheim (2009). The regional and global significance of reactive N removal in lakes and reservoirs. Biogeochemistry, 93 (1-2): 143.

MacDonald, A.M., B.M. Fekete, L.C. Bowling, R.B. Lammers, and R. Lawford (2009). River Discharge [in “State of the Climate in 2008”]. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 90(8): S30–S31.

Rawlins, M.A., M. Steele, M.C. Serreze, C.J. Vörösmarty, W. Ermold, R.B. Lammers, K.C. McDonald, T.M. Pavelsky, A. Shiklomanov, and J. Zhang (2009). Tracing freshwater anomalies through the air-land-ocean system: A case study from the Mackenzie River basin and the Beaufort Gyre. Atmosphere-Ocean, 47(1): 79-97; doi:10.3137/OC301.

Thouin, J., W.M. Wollheim, C.J. Vorosmarty, J. Jacobs, and W.H. McDowell (2009). The biogeochemical influences of nitrate, dissolved oxygen, and dissolved organic carbon on stream nitrate uptake. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 28: 894-907.


McGuire, A.D., J. Walsh, J. Kimball, J. Clein, S. Euskirchen, S. Drobot, U. Herzfeld, J. Maslanik, R. Lammers, M. Rawlins, C. Vörösmarty, T. Rupp, W. Wu, and M. Calef (2008). The Western Arctic Linkage Experiment (WALE): Overview and synthesis. Earth Interactions, 12: 7, 13, doi:10.1175/2008EI239.1.

Pellerin, B.A., W.M. Wollheim, X. Feng, and C.J. Vorosmarty (2008). The application of electrical conductivity as a tracer for hydrograph separation in urban catchments. Hydrol. Process., 22: 1810-1818; doi:10.1002/hyp.6786.

Wollheim, W.M., B.J. Peterson, C.J. Vorosmarty, C.S. Hopkinson, and S.A. Thomas. 2008a. Dynamics of N removal over annual time scales in a suburban river network. Journal of Geophysical Research - Biogeosciences, G03038, doi:10.1029/2007JG000660.

Wollheim, W.M., C.J. Vorosmarty, A.F. Bouwman, P.A. Green, J. Harrison, E. Linder, B.J. Peterson, S. Seitzinger, and J.P.M. Syvitski. 2008b. Global N removal by freshwater aquatic systems: a spatially distributed, within-basin approach. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, GB2026, doi:10.1029/2007GB002963.


D’Almeida, C., C. Vörösmarty, G. Hurtt, J. Marengo, S.L. Dingman, and B. Kiem (2007). The effects of deforestation on the hydrological cycle in Amazonia: A review on scale and resolution. International Journal of Climatology, 27: 633-647.

Douglas, E.M., S. Wood, K. Sebastian, C.J. Vörösmarty, K.M. Chomitz, and T.P. Tomich (2007). Policy implications of a pan-tropic assessment of the simultaneous hydrological and biodiversity impacts of deforestation. Water Resources Management, 21:1 211-232.

Pellerin, B. A., W.M. Wollheim, X. Feng, and C.J. Vorosmarty (2007). The application of electrical conductivity as a tracer for hydrograph separation in urban catchments. Hydrological Processes, doi: 10.1002/hyp.6786.

Wollheim, W.M., C.J. Vörösmarty, B.J. Peterson, P.A. Green, S. Seitzinger, J. Harrison, A.F. Bouwman, M. Meybeck, and J.P.M. Syvitski (2007). A spatially distributed FRamework for Aquatic Modeling of the Earth System (FrAMES). Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 22: GB2026, doi:10.1029/2007GB002963.


Boyer E.W., R.W. Howarth, J.N. Galloway, F.J. Dentener, P.A. Green, C.J. Vörösmarty (2006). Riverine nitrogen export from the continents to the coasts. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 20, GB1S91, doi:10.1029/2005GB002537.

D’Almeida, C., C.J. Vörösmarty, J.A. Marengo, G.C. Hurtt, S.L. Dingman, and B.D. Keim (2006). A water balance model to study the hydrological response to different scenarios of deforestation in Amazonia. Journal of Hydrology, 331: 125-136.

Douglas, E.M., D.S. Niyogi, S. Frolking, J. Yelrupruti, R. Pielke, N. Niyogi, C.J. Vörösmarty, and U.C. Mohanty (2006). Changes in moisture and energy fluxes due to agricultural land use and irrigation in the Indian Monsoon Belt. Geophysical Research Letters, 33: L14403, doi:10.1029/2006GL026550.

Ericson, J.P., C.J. Vörösmarty, S.L. Dingman, L.G. Ward, and M. Meybeck (2006). Effective sea-level rise in deltas: sources of change and human-dimension implications. Global and Planetary Change, 50: 63-82.

Oczkowski, A.J., C.W. Hunt, T.C. Loder, W.M. Wollheim, B.A. Pellerin, and C.J. Vörösmarty (2006). The role of snowmelt and Spring rainfall in inorganic nutrient fluxes from a large temperate watershed, the Androscoggin River Basin (Maine and New Hampshire). Biogeochemistry, 80(3): 191-203.

Rawlins, M., S. Frolking, R.B. Lammers, and C.J. Vörösmarty (2006). Effects of uncertainty in climate inputs on simulated evapotranspiration and runoff in the Western Arctic. Earth Interactions, 10: doi: 10.1175/EI182.1.

Rawlins, M.A., C.J. Willmott, A. Shiklomanov, S. Frolking, and C.J. Vörösmarty (2006). Evaluation of trends in derived snowfall and rainfall across Eurasia and linkages with discharge to the Arctic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 33: L07403 doi:10.1029/2005GL025231.

Shiklomanov, A.I., T.I. Yakovleva, R.B. Lammers, I.Ph. Karasev, C.J. Vörösmarty, and E. Linder (2006). Cold region river discharge uncertainty - estimates from large Russian rivers. Journal of Hydrology, 326: 231-256.

Sullivan, C., C.J. Vörösmarty, E. Craswell, S. Bunn, S. Cline, C. Heidecke, A. Storeygard, A. Proussevitch, E.M. Douglas, D. Bossio, D. Günther, A.M. Giacomello, D. O’Regan and J. Meigh (2006). Mapping the links between water, poverty and food security. Issues in Global Water Science #1. Global Water System Project, Bonn, Germany. 47 pp.

Vörösmarty, C.J., C. Reidy, C. Revenga, and M. Endejan (2006). GWSP Dam and Reservoir Database Workshop Summary. GWSP Global Water News No. 4, October 2006.

Wollheim, W.M., C.J. Vörösmarty, B.J. Peterson, S.P. Seitzinger, and C.S. Hopkinson (2006). Relationship between river size and nutrient removal. Geophysical Research Letters, 33: doi:10.1029/2006GL025845.


Douglas, E.M., K. Sebastian, C.J. Vörösmarty, and S. Wood (2005). The role of tropical forests in supporting biodiversity and hydrologic integrity. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3635, Social Science Research Network, Washington, DC.

Fedorko, E.J., R.G. Pontius, S.P. Aldrich, L. Claessens, C. Hopkinson, W.M. Wollheim (2005). Spatial distribution of land type in regression models of pollutant loading. Journal of Spatial Hydrology, 5: 60-80.

Harrison, J.A., S.P. Seitzinger, A.F. Bouwman, N.F. Caraco, A.H.W. Beusen, and C.J. Vörösmarty (2005). Dissolved inorganic phosphorus export to the coastal zone: Results from a spatially explicit, global model. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 19: 4.

Hunt, C.W., T. Loder, and C.J. Vörösmarty (2005). Spatial and temporal patterns of inorganic nutrient concentrations in the Androscoggin and Kennebec Rivers, Maine. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 163: 303–323.

Meybeck, M. and C.J. Vörösmarty (2005). Fluvial filtering of land to ocean fluxes: from natural Holocene variations to Anthropocene. Comptes Rendus, 337: 107–123.

Rawlins, M.A., K.C. McDonald, S. Frolking, R.B. Lammers, M. Fahnestock, J.S. Kimball, and C.J. Vörösmarty (2005). Remote sensing of snow thaw at the pan-Arctic scale using the SeaWinds Scatterometer. Journal of Hydrology, 312: 294-311.

Sullivan, C., C.J. Vörösmarty, E. Craswell, S. Bunn, S. Cline, C. Heidecke, A. Storygard, A. Proussevitch, E. Douglas, D. Bossio, D. Günther, A.M. Giacomello, D. O’Regan, and J. Meigh (2005). Mapping the links between water, poverty and food security. Report on the Water Indicators workshop held at the Center for Ecology and Hydrology, Wallingford, UK.

Syvitski, J.P.M., C.J. Vörösmarty, A.J. Kettner, and P. Green (2005). Impact of humans on the flux of terrestrial sediment to the global coastal ocean. Science, 308: 376-380.

Vörösmarty, C.J., E.M. Douglas, P.A. Green, and C. Revenga (2005). Geospatial indicators of emerging water stress: An application to Africa. Ambio, 34: 230-236.

Wollheim, W.M., B.A. Pellerin, C.J. Vörösmarty, and C.S. Hopkinson (2005). N retention in urbanizing headwater catchments. Ecosystems, 8: 871-884.

Wollheim, W.M. (2005). The Controls of Nutrient Export from Watersheds. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of New Hampshire. Durham, NH.


Ashkenas, L.R., S.L. Johnson, S.V. Gregory, J.L. Tank, and W.M. Wollheim (2004). A stable isotope tracer study of nitrogen uptake and transformation in an old-growth forest stream. Ecology, 85: 1725-1739.

Fekete, B.M., C.J. Vörösmarty, J. Roads, and C. Willmott (2004). Uncertainties in precipitation and their impacts on runoff estimates. Journal of Climate, 17: 294-304.

Galloway, J.N., F.J. Dentener, D.G. Capone, E.W. Boyer, R.W. Howarth, S.P. Seitzinger, G. Asner, C. Cleveland, P. Green, E. Holland, D.M. Karl, A.F. Michaels, J. Porter, A. Townsend, and C. Vörösmarty (2004). Global and regional nitrogen cycles: Past, present and future. Biogeochemistry, 70: 153-226.

Green, P., C.J. Vörösmarty, M. Meybeck, J. Galloway, and B.J. Peterson (2004). Pre-industrial and contemporary fluxes of nitrogen through rivers: A global assessment based on typology. Biogeochemistry, 68: 71-105.

Meybeck, M. and C.J. Vörösmarty, editors (2004). The integrity of river and drainage basin systems: Challenges from environmental change. Section D in: P. Kabat, M. Claussen, P.A. Dirmeyer, J.H.C. Gash, L. Bravo de Guenni, M. Meybeck, R.A. Pielke Sr., C.J. Vörösmarty, R.W.A. Hutjes, and S. Lutkemeier (eds.), Vegetation, Water, Humans and the Climate. Springer, Heidelberg.

Pellerin, B.A., W. Wollheim, C.S. Hopkinson, W.H. McDowell, M.R. Williams, C.J. Vörösmarty, and M.L. Daley (2004). Role of wetlands and developed land use on dissolved organic nitrogen concentrations and DON/TDN in northeastern U.S. rivers and streams. Limnology and Oceangraphy, 49: 910–918.

Salisbury, J.E., J.W. Campbell, E. Linder, L.D. Meeker, F.E. Müller-Karger, and C.J. Vörösmarty (2004). On the seasonal correlation of surface particle fields with wind stress and Mississippi discharge in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Deep Sea Research, Part II, 51: 1187-1203.

Vörösmarty, C.J. and M. Meybeck (2004). Responses of continental aquatic systems at the global scale: New paradigms, new methods. In: P. Kabat, M. Claussen, P.A. Dirmeyer, J.H.C. Gash, L. Bravo de Guenni, M. Meybeck, R.A. Pielke Sr., C.J. Vörösmarty, R.W.A. Hutjes, and S. Lutkemeier (eds.), Vegetation, Water, Humans and the Climate. Springer, Heidelberg, pp. 375-413.

Vörösmarty, C.J., J. Brunner, C. Revenga, B. Fekete, P. Green, Y. Kura, and K. Thompson (2004). Case Studies: Population and Climate; In: Vegetation, Water, Humans, and the Climate: A New Perspective on an Interactive System. Springer, Berlin. pp. 515-522.

Vörösmarty, C.J., D. Lettenmaier, C. Leveque, M. Meybeck, C. Pahl-Wostl, J. Alcamo, W. Cosgrove, H. Grassl, H. Hoff, P. Kabat, F. Lansigan, R. Lawford, and R. Naiman (2004). Humans transforming the global water system. AGU Eos Transactions, 85: 509, 513-514.


Alsdorf, D., D. Lettenmaier, C.J. Vörösmarty (2003). The need for global, satellite-based observations of terrestrial surface waters. AGU Eos Transactions, 84: 269, 274-276.

Bjerklie, D.M., S.L. Dingman, C.J. Vörösmarty, C.H. Bolster, and R.G. Congalton (2003). Evaluating the potential for measuring river discharge from space. Journal of Hydrology, 278: 17-38.

Federer, C.A., C.J. Vörösmarty, and B. Fekete (2003). Sensitivity of annual evaporation to soil and root properties in two models of contrasting complexity. Journal of Hydrometeorology, 4: 1276-1290.

Hinzman, L. and C.J. Vörösmarty (2003). New program links freshwater to ocean dynamics. Chronicles of the NSF Arctic Sciences Program: Witness the Arctic 10: 11.

Pundsack, J., L. Hinzman, and C.J. Vörösmarty (2003). Arctic-CHAMP coordinates Freshwater Initiative Projects. Chronicles of the NSF Arctic Sciences Program: Witness the Arctic 10: 9.

Rawlins, M.A., R.B. Lammers, S. Frolking, B.M. Fekete, C.J. Vörösmarty (2003). Simulating pan-Arctic runoff with a macro-scale terrestrial water balance model. Hydrological Processes, 17: 2521-2539.

Vörösmarty, C.J., M. Meybeck, B. Fekete, K. Sharma, P. Green, and J. Syvitski (2003). Anthropogenic sediment retention: Major global-scale impact from the population of registered impoundments. Global and Planetary Change, 39: 169-190.

Vörösmarty, C.J., C. Jaeger, C. Leveque, and H. Hoff (2003). TSAI and the global water system. ASCE Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 129: 83-85.

Vörösmarty, C.J. and J. Simunek (2003). Atmosphere-Soil-Vegetation. International Hydrology Today, Feb 2003. IAHS Press, Wallingford, Oxfordshire, UK.

Webster, J.R., P.J. Mulholland, J.L. Tank, H.M. Valett, W.K. Dodds, B.J. Peterson, W.B. Bowden, C.N. Dahm, S. Findlay, S.V. Gregory, N.B. Grimm, S.K. Hamilton, S.L. Johnson, E. Marti, W.H. McDowell, J.L. Meyer, D.D. Morrall, S.A. Thomas, and W.M. Wollheim (2003). Factors affecting ammonium uptake in streams - an inter-biome perspective. Freshwater Biology, 48:1329-1352.


Dodds, W.K., A.J. Lopez, W.B. Bowden, S. Gregory, N.B. Grimm, S.K. Hamilton, A.E. Hershey, E. Marti, W.H. McDowell, J.L. Meyer, D. Morrall, P.J. Mulholland, B.J. Peterson, J.L. Tank, H.M. Valett, J.R. Webster, and W. Wollheim (2002). N uptake as a function of concentration in streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 21: 206-220.

Fekete, B.M., C.J. Vörösmarty, and W. Grabs (2002). High resolution fields of global runoff combining observed river discharge and simulated water balances. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 6(3): doi:10.1029/1999GB001254.

Gutowski, W.J., C.J. Vörösmarty, M. Person, Z. Ötles, B. Fekete, and J. York (2002). A coupled land-atmosphere simulation program (CLASP): Calibration and validation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 107: D16.

Luo, T., R.P. Neilson, T. Hanqin, C.J. Vörösmarty, H. Zhu, and S. Liu (2002). A model for seasonality and distribution of leaf area index of forests and its application to China. Journal of Vegetation Science, 13: 817-830.

Merriam, J.L., W.H. McDowell, J.L. Tank, W.M. Wollheim, C.L. Crenshaw, and S.L. Johnson (2002). Characterizing nitrogen dynamics, retention and transport in a tropical rainforest stream using an in situ N-15 addition. Freshwater Biology, 47: 143-160.

Mulholland, P.J., J.L. Tank, J.R. Webster, W.B. Bowden, W.K. Dodds, S.V. Gregory, N.B. Grimm, S.K. Hamilton, S.L. Johnson, E. Marti, W.H. McDowell, J.L. Merriam, J.L. Meyer, B.J. Peterson, H.M. Valett, and W.M. Wollheim (2002). Can uptake length in streams be determined by nutrient addition experiments? Results from an interbiome comparison study. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 21: 544-560.

Peterson, B.J., R.M. Holmes, J.W. McClelland, C.J. Vörösmarty, R.B. Lammers, A.I. Shiklomanov, I.A. Shiklomanov, and S. Rahmstorf (2002). Increasing river discharge to the Arctic Ocean. Science, 298: 2171-2173.

Shiklomanov, A.I., R.B. Lammers, and C.J. Vörösmarty (2002). Widespread decline in hydrological monitoring threatens Pan-Arctic research. AGU-Eos Transactions, 83: 13, 16-17.

UNH Water Systems Analysis Group (2002). Distribution of world’s water. In: Douglas Jehl (author), “In race to tap the Euphrates, the upper hand is upstream”. The New York Times 52:221, August 25, 2002.

Vörösmarty, C.J. et al. (2002). Population density and water stress data. In: Fen Montaigne (auth.), Water Pressure, w/special fold-out supplement, “A Thirsty Planet,” National Geographic, 202: 2-25.

Vörösmarty, C.J., L. Hinzman, B. Peterson, D. Bromwich, L. Hamilton, J. Morison, V. Romanovsky, M. Sturm, and R. Webb (2002). Arctic-CHAMP: A program to study Arctic hydrology and its role in global change. AGU Eos Transactions, 83: 241, 244-249.

Vörösmarty, C., L. Hinzman, B. Peterson, D. Bromwich, L. Hamilton, J. Morison, V. Romanovsky, M. Sturm, R. Webb (2002). Arctic-CHAMP: A program to study Arctic hydrology and its role in global change. AGU Eos Transactions, 83: 241,244,249.

Vörösmarty, C.J. (2002). Global change, the water cycle, and our search for Mauna Loa. Hydrological Processes, 16: 1335-1339.

Vörösmarty, C.J. (2002). Global water assessment and potential contributions from earth systems science. Aquatic Sciences, 64: 328-351.

Vörösmarty, C.J., and M. Meybeck (2002). Responses of continental aquatic systems at the global scale: New paradigms, new methods. In: P. Kabat, M. Claussen, P.A. Dirmeyer, J.H.C. Gash, L. Bravo de Guenni, M. Meybeck, R.A. Pielke Sr., C.J. Vörösmarty, R.W.A. Hutjes, and S. Lutkemeier (eds), Vegetation, Water, Humans and the Climate. IGBP BAHC, Potsdam, Germany, pp. 517-572.

Wei, H., W.J. Gutowski, C.J. Vörösmarty, and B. Fekete (2002). Calibration and validation of a regional climate model for pan-Arctic hydrologic simulation. Journal of Climate, 15 (22): 3222-3236.


Fekete, B.M., C.J. Vörösmarty, and R.B. Lammers (2001). Scaling gridded river networks for macroscale hydrology: Development, analysis, and control of error. Water Resources Research, 37 (7): 1955-1967.

Hamilton, S.K., J.L. Tank, D.F. Raikow, W.M. Wollheim, B.J. Peterson, and J.R. Webster (2001). Nitrogen uptake and transformation in a midwestern US stream: A stable isotope enrichment study. Biogeochemistry, 54: 297-340.

IAHS Ad Hoc Group on Global Water Data Sets (2001). Global water data: A newly endangered species. Co-authored by C.J. Vörösmarty (lead), A. Askew, R. Barry, C. Birkett, P. Döll, W. Grabs, A. Hall, R. Jenne, L. Kitaev, J. Landwehr, M. Keeler, G. Leavesley, J. Schaake, K. Strzepek, S.S. Sundarvel, K. Takeuchi, and F. Webster. AGU Eos Transactions, 82:5 54, 56, 58.

Kabat, P., H. Hoff, R. Hutjes, M. Claussen, P. Viterbo, M. Meybeck, and C.J. Vörösmarty (2001). Terrestrial biosphere, climate and the water cycle. IGBP Global Change Newsletter, 46: 31-34.

Lammers, R.B., A.I. Shiklomanov, C.J. Vörösmarty, B.M. Fekete, and B.J. Peterson (2001). Assessment of contemporary Arctic river runoff based on observational discharge records. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 106 (D4): 3321-3334.

Meybeck, M., P. Green, and C.J. Vörösmarty (2001). A new typology for mountains and other relief classes: An application to global continental water resources and population distribution. Mountain Research and Development, 21: 34-45.

Peterson, B.J., W.M. Wollheim, P.J. Mulholland, J.R. Webster, J.L. Meyer, J.L. Tank, E. Marti, W.B. Bowden, H.M. Valett, A.E. Hershey, W.H. McDowell, W.K. Dodds, S.K. Hamilton, S. Gregory, and D.D. Morrall (2001). Control of nitrogen export from watersheds by headwater streams. Science, 292: 86-90.

Salisbury, J.E., J.W. Campbell, L.D. Meeker, and C.J. Vörösmarty (2001). Ocean color and river data reveal fluvial influence in coastal waters. AGU-Eos Transactions 82: 221, 226-227.

Vörösmarty, C.J. (2001). The IGBP Water Initiative. In: J.H.C. Gash, E.O. Odada, L. Oyebande, and R.E. Schulze (eds.), Freshwater Resources in Africa: Proceedings of a Workshop in Nairobi, Kenya, October 1999. BAHC International Project Office, Potsdam, Germany, pp. 95-104.

Vörösmarty, C.J., L. Hinzman, B.J. Peterson, D.L. Bromwich, L. Hamilton, J. Morison, V. Romanovsky, M. Sturm, R. Webb (2001). The Hydrologic Cycle and its Role in Arctic and Global Environmental Change: A Rationale and Strategy for Synthesis Study. ARCUS, Fairbanks AK, 84 pp.

Vörösmarty, C.J. (2001). The IGBP Water Initiative. In: J.H.C. Gash, E.O. Odada, L. Oyebande, and R.E. Schulze (eds.), Freshwater Resources in Africa: Proceedings of a Workshop in Nairobi, Kenya, October 1999. BAHC International Project Office, Potsdam, Germany, pp. 95-104.

Wollheim, W.M., B.J. Peterson, L.A. Deegan, J.E. Hobbie, B. Hooker, W.B. Bowden, K.J. Edwardson, D.B. Arscott, and A.E. Hershey (2001). Influence of stream size on ammonium and suspended particulate nitrogen processing. Limnology and Oceanography 46: 1-13.


Dodds, W.K., M.A. Evans-White, N.M. Gerlanc, L. Gray, D.A. Gudder, M.J. Kemp, A.L. Lopez, D. Stagliano, E.A. Strauss, J.L. Tank, M.R. Whiles, and W.M. Wollheim (2000). Quantification of the nitrogen cycle in a prairie stream. Ecosystems, 3: 574-589.

Fekete, B.M. and C.J. Vörösmarty (2000). Issues in the establishment of a global hydrological network for climate. In: J. Cihlar, W. Grabs, and J. Landwehr (eds.), Establishment of a Global Hydrological Observation Network for Climate, Report of the GCOS/GTOS/HWRP Expert Meeting, Report GCOS 63, Report GTOS 26, WMO/TD No. 1047, pp. 66-70. World Meteorological Organization, Geneva.

Holmes, R.M., B.J. Peterson, V.V. Gordeev, A.V. Zhulidov, M. Meybeck, R.B. Lammers, and C.J. Vörösmarty (2000). Flux of nutrients from Russian rivers to the Arctic Ocean: Can we establish a baseline against which to judge future changes? Water Resources Research, 36: 2309-2320.

McGuire, A.D., J.S. Clein-Curley, J.M. Melillo, D.W. Kicklighter, R.A. Meier, and C.J. Vörösmarty (2000). Modeling carbon responses of tundra ecosystems to historical and projected climate: Part II. The sensitivity of pan-Arctic carbon storage to temporal and spatial variation in climate. Global Change Biology, 6:1 141-159.

Mulholland, P.J., J.L. Tank, D.M. Sanzone, W.M. Wollheim, B.J. Peterson, J.R. Webster, and J.L. Meyer (2000). Food resources of stream macroinvertebrates determined by natural-abundance stable C and N isotopes and a N-15 tracer addition. Journal of the North American Benthological Society, 19: 145-157.

Mulholland, P.J., J.L. Tank, D.M. Sanzone, W.M. Wollheim, B.J. Peterson, J.R. Webster, and J.L. Meyer (2000). Nitrogen cycling in a forest stream determined by a N-15 tracer addition. Ecological Monographs, 70: 471-493.

Sharma, K.P., B. Moore III, and C.J. Vörösmarty (2000). Anthropogenic, climatic, and hydrologic trends in the Kosi Basin, Himalaya. Climatic Change, 47: 141-165.

Sharma, K.P., B. Moore III, and C.J. Vörösmarty (2000). Sensitivity of the Himalayan hydrology to land-use and climatic changes. Climatic Change, 47: 117-139.

Shiklomanov, A.I., R.B. Lammers, C.J. Vörösmarty, B.J. Peterson, and B. Fekete (2000). The dynamics of river water inflow to the Arctic Ocean. The Freshwater Budget of the Arctic Ocean, pp. 281-296. NATO Advanced Study Institute Series. E.L. Lewis, Kluwer Academic Press.

Tank, J.L., J.L. Meyer, D.M. Sanzone, P.J. Mulholland, J.R. Webster, B.J. Peterson, W.M. Wollheim, and N.E. Leonard (2000). Analysis of nitrogen cycling in a forest stream during autumn using a N-15-tracer addition. Limnology and Oceanography, 45: 1013-1029.

Tian, H., J.M. Melillo, D.W. Kicklighter, A.D. McGuire, J. Helfrich III, B. Moore III and C.J. Vörösmarty (2000). Climatic and biotic controls on annual carbon storage in Amazonian ecosystems. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 9: 315-336.

Vörösmarty, C.J., P. Green, J. Salisbury, and R. Lammers (2000). Global water resources: Vulnerability from climate change and population growth. Science, 289: 284-288.

Vörösmarty, C.J., B. M. Fekete, M. Meybeck, and R. Lammers (2000). Geomorphometric attributes of the global system of rivers at 30-minute spatial resolution (STN-30). Journal of Hydrology, 237: 17-39.

Vörösmarty, C.J., B.M. Fekete, M. Meybeck, and R. Lammers (2000). A simulated topological network representing the global system of rivers at 30-minute spatial resolution (STN-30). Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 14: 599-621.

Vörösmarty, C.J. and D. Sahagian (2000). Anthropogenic disturbance of the terrestrial water cycle. BioScience, 50: 753-65.

Vörösmarty, C.J., and B.J. Peterson (2000). Macro-scale models of water and nutrient flux to the coastal zone. In: J. Hobbie (editor), Estuarine Science: A Synthetic Approach to Research and Practice, pp. 43-80. Island Press, Washington, DC.

Vörösmarty, C.J., C.J. Willmott, B. Fekete, S. Webber, J.A. Marengo, C. Fernandez-Juaregui, and M.C. Donoso (2000). Large-scale hydrometric integration studies over the LBA domain. BAHC News No. 8.

Vörösmarty, C.J., J. Marengo, C. Nobre, D. Knapp, E. White, G. Hurtt, and E. Smith (2000). LBA-HydroNET Workshop Report. University of New Hampshire, 53 pp.


Lovvorn, J.R., W.M. Wollheim, and E.A. Hart. 1999. High plains wetlands of southeast Wyoming: salinity, vegetation, and invertebrate communities. Pages 1100 in D. P. Batzer, R. B. Rader, and S. A. Wissinger, editors. Invertebrates in freshwater wetlands of North America: Ecology and Management. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York.

Wollheim, W.M., B.J. Peterson, L.A. Deegan, M. Bahr, J.E. Hobbie, D. Jones, W.B. Bowden, A.E. Hershey, G.W. Kling, and M.C. Miller. 1999. A coupled field and modeling approach for the analysis of nitrogen cycling in streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 18:199-221.


Strayer, D.L., S.E. May, P. Nielsen, W. Wollheim, and S. Hausam. 1997. Oxygen, organic matter, and sediment granulometry as controls on hyporheic animal communities. Archiv Fur Hydrobiologie 140:131-144.


Wollheim, W.M., and J.R. Lovvorn. 1996. Effects of macrophyte growth forms on invertebrate communities in saline lakes of the Wyoming High Plains. Hydrobiologia 323:83-96.


Strayer, D.L., S.E. May, P. Nielsen, W. Wollheim, and S. Hausam. 1995. An Endemic groundwater fauna in Unglaciated Eastern North-America. Canadian Journal of Zoology-Revue Canadienne De Zoologie 73:502-508.

Wollheim, W.M., and J.R. Lovvorn. 1995. Salinity effects on macroinvertebrate assemblages and waterbird food webs in shallow lakes of the Wyoming High-Plains. Hydrobiologia 310:207-223.


Wollheim, W.M. 1994. Macroinvertebrate relations with salinity and macrophyte species in shallow lakes of the Wyoming High Plains. Masters. University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY.